Extra-hepatic Manifestations

  • Contaminated Blood Campaign
  • A Canadian study in 2008 estimated the health costs of HCV. The study found that liver related costs were low in proportion to the total.
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Vitamin D Deficiency, Osteoporosis and Osteopenia

Research shows that vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency is very common in HCV sufferers. This 2010 article shows that this applies whether or not cirrhosis is present.

Vitamin D is essential for maintaining bone density therefore HCV can cause osteoporosis.   This article in the Journal of Viral Hepatitis, November 2008, states that "Osteopenia is detectable in a substantial proportion of CHC [Chronic Hepatitis C] patients without established cirrhosis."